Scars are permanent marks left on the surface of the skin after an injury or wound has healed. As a natural response to the healing process, this is not uncommon, with causes including surgery, trauma and certain skin conditions such as acne. Scarring can have a huge effect on our self-confidence, however there are cosmetic treatments which can help reduce/ minimise the appearance of their scars.
When the skin is injured and there is a break in the tissue, the body begins to produce more collagen to heal the affected area. The collagen then builds up in the area where the skin tissue has been damaged to help heal and strengthen it. After approximately three months, the collagen continues to form around the affected area causing the blood supply to increase, which in turn causes the scar to become raised, coarse and red in colour.
For common flat/pale scars the collagen then starts to break down, reducing the increased blood supply leading to the scar becoming smoother, softer and paler. Other scars can keep producing collagen leading to a worse appearance over time until medical treatment is sought.
Common types of Scars
Keloid Scars – Characterised by a raised and lumpy appearance with purple colouring. Skin affected by keloid scars is unlike to return to its original state.
Hypertrophic Scars – Typically red in colour and slightly raised, hypertrophic scars can be itchy and some experience pain from this scar. Hypertrophic scars can improve in appearance in time
Pitted Scars – Also known as Ice-Pick Scars or Atrophic scars, these scars have a sunken appearance and are commonly due to acne, chicken pox and/or surgery complications.
Contracture Scars –Scars that appear after a second or third-degree burn. The contracted appearance occurs due to the connective tissue and muscles beneath the skin pulling together which can lead to restricted motion. This type of scar does not improve with time and if left untreated can get worse.
Flat/Pale Scars – Most common type of scar, brought on by the body’s natural healing process. The appearance of these scars is typically a lighter pigment to the individual’s skin hence why they are sometimes named ‘Pale Scars.’ These scars normally occur due to surgery and/or pregnancy (the latter appear as stretch marks).
Book a confidential skin consultation to assess and discuss the most appropriate treatment package suitable for your skin condition. Treatments can include, specially formulated peels, Cosmeceuticals, Skin Pen Micro dermal needling and Medical grade plasma are suitable for treating these conditions.